Can Korea's Digital Transformation Be Applied to Latin America and the Caribbean?
South Korea has been one of the most successful countries in responding to the COVID-19 crisis. Korea has prevented the pandemic while turning the economic crisis into an opportunity for growth, as a result of long-term investment in Information communication and technologies and an ecosystem of digital transformation.
At the same time, Korea's digital transformation is highly regarded in the international community. The Bloomberg Innovation Index released in February 2021 ranked the country first among 60 surveyed.
The question, then, is whether Korea's digital transformation experiences be applied to Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). And the answer is that there are five insights from Korean examples that can be valuable for LAC’s digital transformation:
1. Leadership at the top level is essential for digital transformation. This is because the company's executives know the need for digital transformation and require active mid-to-long-term investment decisions to drive it. For example, in Korea, a digital transformation began with large corporations such as POSCO and LG, driven by bold decisions by top executives. Based on this investment in innovation, today's large Korean companies are playing key roles in the global supply value chain that drives and sustains the global economy.
2. Digital transformation can contribute to the development of innovative business models for SMEs to enhance their competitiveness. For example, Market Kurly in Korea is an example of ordinary food distributor that has transformed itself into an online-based fresh food delivery company. Using big data analysis based on customers’ data, they created a new business model under which, if customers order by 11 pm, the company delivers the fresh food by 7 am the next morning. This disruptive business model has been extremely successful, and even large retailers in the Korean market are benchmarking this innovative approach.
3. Digital transformation is possible by individuals with a motive to innovate. For example, an online class platform company called Classting in Korea was created by an elementary school teacher who was dissatisfied with offline class management. In Classting, teachers can conveniently share announcements, class materials, photos, and videos, easily develop learning materials, and manage assignments submitted by students. Also, they came up with 'Classting AI', an artificial intelligence (AI) tutor that helps pupils study at school more easily. This AI-powered platform is currently in service in 15 countries.
4. Digital transformation can provide an innovative way for solving problems in sectors that are not always seen as technology-based industries. For example, the agricultural sector, threaten by the climate crisis, can be helped with digital transformation. A Korean company called N.THING is a smart farming concern that developed a 'Planty Cube' that can grow vegetables such as romaine and lettuce and herbs in a smart container, as if in a greenhouse. It’s based on the Internet of Things (IoT) and AI, and can save more than 98% of water compared to conventional farming. In addition, the containers can be stacked up to three stories high, so they don’t require a large area of land, and there is little of the ecological impact brought about by traditional farming.
5. Digital transformation increases the need for international business development, international cooperation, and global partnership. In this context, digital transformation is an important topic for cooperation between Korea and LAC. Korea and LAC have already collaborated on digitalization through various channels including the Korea-LAC Business Summit, Korea-LAC Startup Pitch Day, and LAC-Korea Deep Tech Exchange Program. The more the merrier.
In addition to the five insights presented above, if you want to know more about Korea’s digital transformation experiences, you can check this publication: Research on the Digital Transformation and Ecosystem of Korea applicable to LAC companies.
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